Air transport statistics – statistics explained

In 2015, the total number of passengers travelling by air in the European Union could be established at 918 million, an increase of 4.7% compared to 2014 as presented in Table 2.

Figure 1 shows the total growth of air passengers by Member State between 2014 and 2015. Paris france hotel reviews The disparity is particularly marked at country level, with year-on-year growths ranging from 1.2% in Bulgaria to +16.3% in Slovakia.

In 2015, London/Heathrow remained the largest EU-28 airport in terms of passenger transport. Paris france weather in may Paris/Charles de Gaulle became the main European airport for freight and mail.

Figure 2 shows the year-on-year monthly growth in air passenger transport for 2015 in the EU-28. Paris france winter It underlines the continued growth in air transport passengers in 2015: the four quarters of 2015 show an increase of the growth compared to the corresponding quarters of 2014 (+5.4%, +3.7%, +5.1% and +4.8% respectively).

Figure 3 indicates that the intra-EU share in total transport could be established at 45%. Weather paris france 14 day It was the main destination ahead of extra-EU transport (37%) and domestic passenger transport (18%).

International intra-EU traffic at country level, as set out in Table 1, shows that for 2015, the top ten country-to-country flows in general remained stable compared with 2014.


Paris paris france The United Kingdom is the country the most represented, being involved in half of the top ten routes. Information about paris france All routes are showing increases between 2014 and 2015.

Map 1 gives an overall picture of the extra-EU market. Paris france weather With a 11.4% increase between 2014 and 2015, ‘Near and Middle East’ is the partner world region with the highest increase for EU passenger transport. Weather paris france august The highest decrease is recorded for North Africa – 6.6%. Paris france sites The continued decrease of Australia – 6.4% could be partially linked to the increase in Middle East – more passengers taking indirect flight to Australia changing in Near and Middle East airports.

Table 3 shows that London Heathrow still predominates among EU-28 airports, with the highest total of passengers transported by air (75 million passengers in 2015). Tour bus paris france It was followed by Paris Charles de Gaulle (66 million), Frankfurt Main (61 million) and Amsterdam Schiphol (58 million), the sole airports registering over 50 million passengers.

Although for a number of airports, total number of flights decreased (6 airports out of 42), total passenger numbers increased in 2015 compared with 2014 for almost all airports. Hotel d’angleterre paris france There was a slight decrease for only one airport, Milano/Malpensa (-1.2%).

Map 2 presents the top ten airport pairs within the EU-28. Photos paris france It is worth noting that all but two routes are domestic ones. Things to do in paris france The route between Paris Orly and Toulouse shows a decrease of 0.5% in 2015, contrasting with the 26.2% rise observed for the route between Thessaloniki and Athens.

The growing importance of the international transport segment is reflected in air freight and mail transport figures at EU level. Paris in france Growths of 7.2% and 1.3% were recorded for international intra-EU and extra-EU respectively in 2015 compared with 2014. About paris france In contrast, domestic freight and mail transport recorded a decrease of 2.0% over the same period. Weather network paris france 14 day Table 4 shows that the evolution of freight and mail transport by air between 2014 and 2015 varies significantly at country level, with growths ranging from -46.5% in Latvia, to +36.6% in Bulgaria.

In the EU-28, most top 20 airports in terms of total freight and mail loaded/unloaded registered an increase between 2014 and 2015, particularly Brussels airport that recorded an increase of 18.4%; 11.7% in number of freight flights. Paris france weather averages Only five airports showed year-on-year fall.

All EFTA and candidate countries recorded an increase in terms of passengers transported with the exception of Norway that slightly decrease -0.3%. Weather paris france june The evolution of freight and mail transport by air in those countries between 2014 and 2015 varies significantly, with growths ranging from -22.8% in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, to +10% in Norway.

The definitions used for air transport statistics are included in Regulation 1358/2003 of 31 July 2003 implementing Regulation 437/2003 of 27 February 2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air. Cities close to paris france The main definitions are the following:

Traffic on a commercial air service identified by a unique flight number subdivided by airport pairs in accordance with the point of embarkation and point of disembarkation on that flight. Paris france weather september This is linked to the definition of passengers carried.

All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. Paris france weather forecast This excludes direct transit passengers.

All freight and mail loaded onto or unloaded from an aircraft. Pictures of paris streets This excludes direct transit freight and mail. What is in paris france In principle, information provided in this article is based on On Flight Origin/Destination (OFOD) data. Paris france tour Only when OFOD data have not been reported have airport declarations been used.

In principle, this article covers air transport to and from any airports in the reporting countries with more than 150 000 passengers annually.

• Turkey: only provides flight stage data (Dataset A1) (in which there is no information on passenger carried and freight and mail loaded/unloaded) and airport declarations (Dataset C1) in which the partner airport is not provided. Best places to visit in paris france National and international transport cannot be calculated.

• Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: only provides airport declarations (Dataset C1) in which the partner airport is not provided. Pictures of paris victims National and international transport cannot be calculated.

Double counting: the national aggregates and total intra-EU-28 aggregates exclude any double counting. Places to see in paris france It includes all the departures figures reported plus “a part of” arrivals declarations, “a part of” including those arrivals declarations for which the corresponding departures declarations of the partner airport are missing.

Table 1: the figures (and related shares) for the countries flows have been calculated by excluding the double counting at country-to-country route level. Paris region france The figures are derived from table avia_paocc; the double counting for identical routes is excluded in order to obtain the correct total for country pairs. Hotels in paris france 4 star The data can be extracted from the Aviation domain of the Eurostat on-line database or obtained upon request.

Map 1: the component countries comprising the world regions as defined for this map are based on the geonomenclature used by Eurostat for external trade statistics. Paris france night The components of each world region can be extracted from the Aviation domain of the Eurostat on-line database or obtained upon request. Is france in paris Some care should be taken in drawing conclusions as regards world regional shares due to the fact that passengers who either stop-over or change planes en-route will be allocated to the country in which they made their connections and not to the country of first origin or final destination.

Map 2: the total figures for each pair of airports have been calculated by adding together the ‘Departures’ declarations of the two airports concerned.

Map 3: the share of total transport represents, for each candidate country and each EFTA country, the share of total transport to/from EU countries. Budget hotels paris france As indicated under the maps, transport to/from EU countries is sometimes estimated on the basis of mirror EU declarations.

Following the economic crisis, the significant recovery of the air transport industry registered between 2013 and 2014 continued between 2014 and 2015, the total number of passengers travelling by air in the European Union continued to increase by 4.7 % to 918 million.

All figures presented in this article have been extracted from the Eurostat aviation database. Location of paris france The database is available online from the Eurostat web page.

• Regulation (EC) No 1358/2003 of 31 July 2003 implementing Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 of 27 February 2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.