Europe’s jewish population _ pew research center

It’s been seven decades since the end of the Holocaust, an event that decimated the Jewish population in Europe. Name the countries in europe In the years since then, the number of European Jews has continued to decline for a variety of reasons. Map of all countries in europe And now, concerns over renewed anti-Semitism on the continent have prompted Jewish leaders to talk of a new “exodus” from the region.


There are still more than a million Jews living in Europe, according to 2010 Pew Research Center estimates. Number of countries in europe continent But that number has dropped significantly over the last several decades – most dramatically in Eastern Europe and the countries that make up the former Soviet Union, according to historical research by Sergio DellaPergola of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

In 1939, there were 16.6 million Jews worldwide, and a majority of them – 9.5 million, or 57% – lived in Europe, according to DellaPergola’s estimates. How many countries are in europe union By the end of World War II, in 1945, the Jewish population of Europe had shrunk to 3.8 million, or 35% of the world’s 11 million Jews. Ten countries in europe About 6 million European Jews were killed during the Holocaust, according to common estimates.

Since then, the global Jewish population – estimated by Pew Research at 14 million as of 2010 – has risen, but it is still smaller than it was before the Holocaust. Learn countries in europe And in the decades since 1945, the Jewish population in Europe has continued to decline. Name 10 countries in europe In 1960, it was about 3.2 million; by 1991, it fell to 2 million, according to DellaPergola’s estimates. Map of countries in europe Now, there are about 1.4 million Jews in Europe – just 10% of the world’s Jewish population, and 0.2% of Europe’s total population.

Measuring Jewish populations, especially in places like Europe and the United States where Jews are a small minority, is fraught with difficulty. List of countries in europe continent This is due to the complexity both of measuring small populations and of Jewish identity, which can be defined by ethnicity or religion. All the countries in europe As a result, estimates vary, but Pew Research’s recent figures are similar to those reported by DellaPergola, one of the world’s leading experts on Jewish demography.

In Eastern Europe, a once large and vibrant Jewish population has nearly disappeared. 2 countries in europe DellaPergola estimates that there were 3.4 million Jews in the European portions of the Soviet Union as of 1939. Countries of europe Many were killed in the Holocaust, and others moved to Israel or elsewhere. European countries and capitals Today, a tiny fraction of the former Soviet republics’ population – an estimated 310,000 people – are Jews.

Similar trends have occurred in Eastern European countries that were outside the USSR, including Poland, Hungary, Romania and several other nations. How many countries in europe Collectively, they were home to about 4.7 million Jews in 1939, but now there are probably fewer than 100,000 Jews in all these countries combined.

Much of the postwar decline has been a result of emigration to Israel, which declared its independence as a Jewish state in 1948. What countries are included in europe The Jewish population of Israel has grown from about half a million in 1945 to 5.6 million in 2010. Countries in europe game But there are other possible factors in the decline of European Jewry, including intermarriage and cultural assimilation.

In addition, Jewish populations have not decreased uniformly in every European country. How many countries in eastern europe For example, we estimate that there were about as many Jews in France as of 2010 (310,000) as DellaPergola estimates there were in 1939 (320,000), although recent reports have indicated a surge in Jewish emigration from France.

The United Kingdom also continues to have a significant Jewish population (about 280,000 in 2010, down from DellaPergola’s estimate of 345,000 in 1939). How many countries of europe But a new report released this week found a record level of anti-Semitism in the U.K., with more than 1,000 anti-Semitic incidents recorded in 2014.

The discussion about the exact number is less important to me than an undertone seemingly implying the discrepancy of the numbers questions the horror of Hitler targeting/blaming/murdering Jews for Germany’s and later European economic collapse, all while too many others throughout the world were either agreeing with him, dismissing him or not concerned about him (or the people he was killing in the most horrific ways.)

The extermination of 2 million people or of 6 million people to accomodate a political goal are equally horrendous, unconscionable and undefendable acts. What countries are in europe but not in the eu The exact number of Jews in Europe before and after WWII is not unimportant to scholars and important for historical records but the evaluation of the numbers by those who know little about the research is unnecessary. List of countries in europe by area And please be aware that many Jews who fled occupied countries did not publicly declare their religious affiliation in their new country because they feared the outcome of doing so.

I have copies of the Jew Argus for the number of Jews in Europe before the war at 7 million. Countries in europe beginning with d So should six million have died who exactly travelled to Israel in 1947? There are contested figures in the same argus suggesting that in 1948 after the census there was an increase in the number of Jews in the world. What countries in europe have a highland climate zone These sort of figures from the Jews do nothing to bolster their case of six million death during the war. List of countries in europe by size Why don’t they sort themselves out?

Josephine while the Germans did indeed kill 6 million Jews during the Holocaust most of them were not German Jews that were killed.Hitler had Jews killed in every land his forces occupied during the war.Some were killed in Concentration camps but many were killed in mass killing after being stripped and then forced to stand in massive pits which would become their own graves.Most actually died outside of the land occupied by Germany in 1933. How many countries in the europe I hope that helps you to understand a little more out what happened.I grew up in a heavily Jewish suburb and many of my friends parents were survivors of the concentration camps and most had relatives who did not survive the Holocaust.But I know that most public or private schools do a poor job of teaching these issues that I learned about from friends.

The numbers in France are a distortion, since probably 90% of the French Jews who were in France in 1939 were either killed or immigrated after the war. List the countries in europe Today almost the entire French Jewish population are Sephardic Jews who immigrated from Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco which were all French colonies.

The German number is also a distortion, since more than 90% percent were killed, immigrated during the war or after the war (the 1945 figure ignores the fact that many were in holding camps in Germany after the war. Countries that are in europe More than 90% of German Jews immigrated from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, either because of communism or because German was a relatively normal country by the 1990s

You write, “More than 90% of German Jews immigrated from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, either because of communism or because German was a relatively normal country by the 1990s.” That’s absolutely correct and as Germany became a “normal” nation all the nations to its west became abnormal!

The French Jewish MAJORITY is of North African origin, but it is NOT “almost the entire French Jewish population” at all. List of countries in europe with capitals There are many who survived the War and their descendants as well as many who emigrated to France from Eastern Europe and their descendants.

This data suggests that the rate of decline in the number of Jews, is probably much lower than the rate of decline in the number of Christians. Names of all countries in europe Whereas the increase in Muslims in the same period is significant. All of the countries in europe As always, it is important to recognise Jews are not a race, but people who have particular religious beliefs; something the Nazis failed to accept. Countries in europe flags And western Europe, is generally becoming more secular.

Germany had still in 1945 after the World War II ended 45K Jewish population. List of countries in europe and their capitals Just boggle the mind. What are all the countries in europe Who and why would any Jew still stay there? Was 1946 the year those Jews were promised that all Germans would turn into angels, and ruined Germany into heaven? I can understand that there was no Israel yet till 1948 to emigrate to. How many countries are in western europe But, how would they know that in advance? During those 3 years 45K Jews stay to live there and don’t leave ? I know someone like that, who lost his whole family in the Holocaust and despite that stayed, – ‘My Father’. How many countries are in europe today Till his death he couldn’t or Wouldn’t explain that. Countries in europe to visit In 1948 he finally decided to emigrate to Israel. Five countries in europe A year later, he was back in Germany. How many countries does europe contain Who says all Jews “the chosen people” must be also sane people? Can anyone explain this? And today the Jewish population is X 5 higher than at the end of the war, not including the 30 K new Israelis who moved there in the last several years.

I lived in Germany on business for 12 years in the late 70s and 80s. 5 largest countries in europe There was an influx of Soviet Jews during that period, particularly to Berlin. How many countries are in the europe In addition, a number of Israelis were living and working in the country. List of the countries in europe One told me that they liked working with the Germans and preferred doing business with them over some of the other nationalities. List of countries in southern europe You may not believe me but it was my impression that the Germans had changed in their attitude toward Jews and those Israelis felt so too. How many countries in europe list I say this as a non-Jew. List of countries in europe that speak english Most of the violence and bigotry being directed at Jews in Germany and elsewhere in western Europe is being carried out by Muslims rather than ethnic Germans. A countries in europe That is not to say that some Germans do not share those feelings but the violence is largely coming from the immigrant Muslim communities. The countries in europe Another related topic is the fascinating bond that so many Jews felt and feel toward German culture despite the crimes of the Third Reich. 4 countries in europe I remember standing in line at the Metropolitan Opera in NYC in the 1970s and listening to little old Jewish ladies from Vienna and Germany chatting away in German decades after the end of the War as they waited to buy tickets to a Wagner opera.

They hadn’t decided to be there and almost all of them didn’t want to stay there. 47 countries in europe They simply were there – as survivors of forced labour, as survivors from the death marches from the death camps in the east which had ended somewhere in Germany in spring 1945, and so on.

No State of Israel was established yet, and they weren’ twelcome in mandatory Palestine. Map of the countries in europe And Western countries, above all the U.S., continued there policy of restrictions towards Immigration.

That’s because most of Germany’s Jews had emigrated by 1939, due to Nazi policies. Some countries in europe Emigration was still a real option till the late 1930s when Hitler closed the gates, having decided on an extermination strategy. Countries in europe In 1933 there were 560,000 Jews in Germany, approximately 300K migrated, 200K were slaughtered.

Most of the current German Jewish population are not descendants of the prewar Jewish population, but people who ended up in Germany after WWII as displaced people, especially from the eastern European countries.

Would that Europe’s Jews had only been ‘decimated’ (meaning reduced by 10%). How many countries in europe speak english I think the drop recorded by Pergola may be slightly exaggerated as I suspect it fails to take account of those Jews fortunate to get out of Continental Europe to the UK, Australia, Canada and elsewhere, some of whom returned or stayed in Europe, (including the UK) after the war.

The author seems unaware that Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland were all Outside the Soviet Union by 1939. List of countries in europe union The first three had substantial Jewish minorities, of course – Finland only a few hundred, former Russian military conscripts who chose to remain in their last posting in Finland and mostly married Christian wives.

About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. Name 5 countries in europe It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. How many countries in europe union Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. How many countries are in eastern europe It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.