Part time employees law and legal definition _ uslegal, inc

Part-time employees typically work fewer hours in a day or during a work week than full-time employees; the latter are typically employed for 40 hours. Inclusive resorts in hawaii Part-time workers may also be those who only work during certain parts of the year. Kauai hawaii vacation Part-time work is treated for all practical purposes in the same way as full-time work under federal law, specifically, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) applies to both types of workers in the same way. Hawaii packages for two Under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), an employee who works 1,000 hours or more for a company during a calendar year is treated exactly in the same way as a full-time employee for purposes of qualifying for retirement coverage.

Hawaiian vacation specials The U.S. Best hawaiian island for vacation Department of Labor uses a definition of 34 or fewer hours a week as part-time work, but this definition is only used to gather statistical information. Hawaii condo rentals MOTIVATIONS AND RATIONALES Employer Motivations

Employers use part-time workers for many reasons, most of them voluntary. Where to vacation in hawaii Work is seasonal in many industries or has sharp up-and-down fluctuations. Hawaii condos The retail industry’s busiest season is Christmas; the sector therefore staffs up heavily during the season to handle an increased volume; the Postal Service, similarly, has a large increase in volume and for the same reason. Vacations to hawaii packages Businesses that cater to summer or winter vacation seasons (hotels, restaurants, entertainment providers, transportation firms) build staffs with part-time workers and then release them at the end of the season. Vacations hawaii flights Agriculture has a similar seasonality during the planting, growing, and harvesting seasons. Multi island hawaii packages Industries that support seasonal activities with products and equipment very often produce during the opposite season and shut down or cut back in the season itself; thus snowmobile producers build during the summer; boat producers build during the winter.

In many industries temporary work-surges produce the equivalent of “seasons” but are not tied to the calendar—such as massive data keying after survey mailings return, preparations for market launches, the processing of perishable goods, and so on.

Businesses hire part-time workers when work increases but not enough to justify a full-time hire or to establish a new department. Air hotel packages to hawaii They take advantage of the availability of skilled and familiar workers for catch-up work or to fill in for vacationing full-timers in the summer when students are on vacation. Hawaii trips for two Part-time workers are sometimes highly skilled professionals hired on during a certain phase of business—or serve continuously but part-time in order to fulfill a high function that does not require their continuous presence; financial work, software development, sales consulting, and other specialties fall into this category. Package holidays to hawaii In times of labor shortage businesses must sometimes hire part-time people they would be glad to put on the full-time staff, but the individuals don’t wish to work a full schedule because they are retired or wish to pursue other interests.

In the last decade of the 20th and into the 21st century a new trend has become visible: employers who preferentially hire part-time labor in order to avoid paying benefits such as vacation pay, holidays, personal days, health-care, and retirement benefits—all of which they offer to their full-time employees. Hawaii inclusive resorts Regarding compensation, FLSA’s only mandate is that hourly labor be paid the minimum wage. Hawaii vacation bundles And under other statutes, discrimination is prohibited. Tour packages for hawaii But FLSA rules require consistent treatment of all classes of employees. Cheap hawaii package deals Full-time and part-time workers are distinct classes; sufficient differentiation exists to treat the two categories differently. Tour packages to hawaii From this arises the “work-without-benefits” aspect of part-time work. Family vacation packages in hawaii If ordinary benefits are costly, transitioning to this type of labor can save the business a lot of money. Big island hawaii The move also has costs, of course, not least in public perception. Visit hawaii Employee Rationales

Employees take part-time work because they can find no other or they choose to work part time for a variety of personal reasons. Hotel packages hawaii Many part-time workers are students; some work part time for family or personal reasons; some because they take care of children, have medical limitations, or wish to stay within certain income limits for tax reasons (e.g., Social Security recipients). Flight and hotel hawaii Of those who worked part-time voluntarily in 2005, 69 percent were women; among those forced to work part-time, women represented 49 percent. Hawaii packages all inclusive deals THE PREVALENCE OF PART-TIME WORK

Based on data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in its Current Population Survey (CPS), of 141.7 million employed people in 2005, 24.7 million, 17.4 percent, fell into the part-time category, i.e., they worked fewer than 34 hours a week. Hawaii packages with airfare Part-time work was highest among whites (18 percent), lowest among African Americans (14.2 percent), and just a shade higher among Asian Americans (14.7 percent). Hawaii flights and accommodation Among all those who worked 34 hours or less, 61.8 percent were women and 38.2 percent were men.

Of all part-time workers, only 13.5 percent of employees were working such hours for economic reasons (i.e., involuntarily); 86.5 percent did so for non-economic reasons. Hawaii rental Economic reasons, as already noted, involve the unavailability of more attractive work. Hawaii cheap packages Specifically reported non-economic reasons recorded in the CPS include (in descending order of importance) attendance at school, family and personal reasons, retirement and the related wish to limit income for tax purposes, medical limitations, and child care duties.

If we take nonagricultural industries and divide them into major occupational sectors, part-time work was most prevalent in Services (36.8 percent of workers). Vacation at hawaii After that came, in descending order, Sales (28.9 percent), Office Work (26.7), Transportation and Materials Moving (20.7), Management, Professional, and Related Work (19.5), Construction and Extraction (18.0), Production (13.4) and Installation, Maintenance, and Repair (11.6 percent of workers). Hotel and airfare to hawaii Conventional wisdom holds that part-time work is most common in the retail sector. Hawaii vacation house rentals These data indicate that that sector comes in as a fairly distant second.

Not surprisingly, median weekly earnings of part-time workers are substantially lower than those engaged in full-time work: averaging $200 a week in 2006 contrasted to $668 a week for full-time work. Deals in hawaii What is initially surprising is that women working part time consistently earned higher pay than men. All inclusive resorts hawaii In 2005 women earned $201 a week to men’s $188; in 2006, men’s earnings were flat at $188, women’s earnings had increased to $208. Cheap trips to hawaii In full-time work women trail men—and have as far back as one wishes to look, and at all occupational levels. Resort packages in hawaii The explanation for the higher female pay in part-time work must have its roots in higher participation of functionally higher-ranking women in that work arrangement. Vacation packages to hawaii Many women want to work part time. Best deals for hawaii vacation package As GP magazine headlined, “80% of GPs want to be part-time.” If the ranks of part-time women include quite a few doctors, lawyers, managers, and other professionals, their labor will, of course, lift the averages for women. Package hawaiian vacations TRENDS AND INDICATIONS

Trends in part-time work have been rather steady and unchanging in the 10-year period between 1996, a year of very strong economic growth, and 2005, a year of slow recovery. Low cost hawaii vacation packages Part-time workers in 1996 represented 17.3 percent of employment, in 2005 17.4 percent. Family package deals to hawaii Part-time work grew at a fractionally slower rate than total employment, but part-time work undertaken for non-economic, i.e., voluntary, reasons grew three times as rapidly as work undertaken for economic reasons—suggesting that a small part of the workforce wants to have part-time work.

Overall trends are difficult to discern because motivations are difficult to sort. Inclusive trips to hawaii Cost pressures in industry favor it, but efficiency concerns counter this benefit. Flight and hotel packages to hawaii The large and still increasing participation of women in the work force, and women’s desire for flexibility in when and how they work—not surprising in that women still shoulder the chief burden of running families—are here and there also impacting sectors by depriving them of professional skills. Vacation resorts in hawaii For this reason, in recent years, signs have appeared that part-time workers may here and there, selectively, get benefits heretofore available only to full-time workers. Hawaii tickets That not-yet-formed trend may, of course, make part-time work both more attractive to employees and less so for employers. Cheap hawaii vacation packages for two The crystal ball remains full of smoke.